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原标题:常用SQL语句查询分享【威尼斯wns.9778官网】

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--创建数据库(文件:主要数据文件mdf==1,次要数据文件ndf=0,日志文件ldf=1)--文件组:当1mdf,5个ndf(1,2,2),10个ldf(3,3,4),将它们分成多个组存放

CREATE database studb;

威尼斯wns.9778官网,--创建表teacher,student

create table teacher(tid int(10) primary key auto_increment,tname varchar(20),tage int(10));use studb;

create table student(sid int(10) primary key auto_increment,sname varchar(20),sage int(10),tid int(10) REFERENCES teacher(tid) );

--外键约束:你问张三的老师是谁??

--select teacher.tname from teacher,student where student.sname = '张三'select t.tname from teacher t,student s where s.sname = '张三' and t.tid = s.tid

--创建课程表

create table course(cid int(10) primary key,cname varchar(20),tid int(10) REFERENCES teacher(tid));

--创建分数表

create table sc(scid int(10) primary key,sid int(10) REFERENCES student(sid),cid int(10) REFERENCES course(cid),score int(10));

--联合查询:等值查询--1..

select c.cname from course c,student s,sc where s.sname = '小张' and s.sid = sc.sid and c.cid = sc.cid;

--2..

select sname from student s,course c,sc where c.cname='android' and sc.score=60and s.sid = sc.sid and c.cid = sc.cid;

--3..--子查询:当条件也要查询的时候,我只知道学号,我不知道"小张"这个字段,那你知道小张的学号 吗

delete from sc where sid = (select sid from student where sname = '小张'); 

--子查询中间的符号一定是父查询与子查询两张表关联的字段(一般是主外键)

--4..

update sc set score=score 5 where cid=;select tid from teacher where tname='李老师' ==1select cname from course where tid = 1 ==课程名字,李老师教的select cid from course where cname='android' ==课程IDupdate sc set score=score 5 where cid=(select cid from course where cname=(select cname from course where tid =(select tid from teacher where tname='李老师')));

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